Assignment #11 -
Question of the week: Betsy Ross created the 1st U.S. flag. True
- "Ross, Betsy 1752-1836 née Griscom reputed maker of 1st
Title: Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth edition
Publisher: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Publication date: 1993
- "Ross, Betsy Griscom, 1752-1836, maker of the first U.S. flag"
Title: Random House Webster’s College Dictionary
Publisher: Random House
Publication date: 1996
- "re·put·ed adj.
1. Generally supposed to be such."
"Ross, Betsy Griscom . 1752-1836
1. American seamstress who, according to tradition, made the first
American flag (June 1776) at the request of George Washington."
Title: The American Heritage Talking Dictionary, version 4.0
Publisher: Softkey International
Publication date: 1995
Topic found: Ross
- Who Designed the Flag? No one knows for certain. Francis Hopkinson,
designer of a naval flag, declared he also had designed the flag and in 1781
asked Congress to reimburse him for his services. Congress did not do so.
Dumas Malone of Columbia University wrote: "This talented man . . .
designed the American flag."
The Betsy Ross Legend. The widely publicized legend that Mrs. Betsy
Ross made the first Stars and Stripes in June 1776, at the request of a
committee composed of George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, an
uncle, was first made public in 1870, by a grandson of Mrs. Ross. Historians
have been unable to find a historical record of such a meeting or committee.
Title: The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000
Publisher: World Almanac Books
Publication date: 1999
- "Ross, Betsy née GRISCOM (b. Jan. 1, 1752, Philadelphia, Pa.
[U.S.]--d. Jan. 30, 1836, Philadelphia), seamstress who, according to
legend, fashioned the first flag of the United States.
As a young girl in Philadelphia, Elizabeth Griscom showed considerable
aptitude for fine needlework. She married John Ross in 1773, worked
with him in his upholsterer's shop, and carried on the business after he was
killed in 1776 while serving in the militia.
According to her grandson, William Canby, in a paper presented in 1870, Betsy
Ross was visited in June 1776 by George Washington, Robert Morris, and
George Ross, her late husband's uncle. The story is that they asked
her to make a flag for the new nation that would declare its independence
the following month. A rough sketch presented to her was redrawn by
Washington incorporating her suggestions. Betsy Ross then fashioned
the flag in her back parlour--again, according to the legend. It is known
that Ross made flags for the navy of Pennsylvania, but there is no
firm evidence in support of the popular story about the national flag. On
June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the
national flag of the United States."
Title: Encyclopædia Britannica CD 99, Multimedia Edition
Publisher: Encyclopædia Britannica
Publication date: 1998
Topic found: Ross, Betsy
- "No one knows with absolute certainty who designed the first stars
and stripes or who made it. Congressman Francis Hopkinson seems most likely
to have designed it, and few historians believe that Betsy Ross, a
Philadelphia seamstress, made the first one. "
Viewing date: January 18, 2000
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search date: January 18, 2000