Communications 2000

Assignment #14 - Tracking Down Answers #5
Answers

To review my answer to any question on this assignment, click on the question for which you want an answer in the table below.

What percentage of the world's population lives in the U.S.? At $1 per second, how many days will it take to spend $1 million?
What percentage of  U.S. firearm deaths in 19__ were murders? How much did the U.S. Federal government spend each second during 19__?
  How much does a fulltime worker earning the minimum wage make in one year?
  1. What percentage of the world's population lives in the U.S.?        (return to the top of this page)

What you probably need to know

  1. The population of the world.
  2. The U.S. population.
  3. How to calculate a percentage.

My answers (on March 8, 2000)

  1. 6,049,259,972.
  2. 274,381,858.
  3. To calculate a percentage you need to divide the part by the whole, then multiply the result by 100 and add a percent sign (%).  In this case the whole is the world's population.  The part is the U.S. population (which is included in the world population of which it is a part).
  4. 274381858 / 6049259972 = .04535792 * 100 = 4.5%

Citation

URL: http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/main/www/popclock.html/
viewing date: March 8, 2000

  1. At $1 per second, how many days will it take to spend $1 million?        (return to the top of this page)

What you probably need to know

  1. The number of seconds in a minute, the number of minutes in an hour, and the number of hours in a day.
  2. How to calculate the number of seconds in a day.
  3. How to calculate the number of days when you know the number of seconds per day.

My answers

  1. There are 60 seconds per minute, 60 minutes per hour and 24 hours per day.
  2. To find the number of seconds in one hour, you multiply 60 times 60.  To find the number of seconds in one day, you multiply the number of seconds in an hour times 24.  You can get the same result by multiplying 60 times 60 times 24.
  3. Once you know the number of seconds per day, you divide 1 million by that number.  You can round off your result to make it more readable.
  4. 60 * 60 * 24 = 86,400 (the number of seconds per day)   1000000 / 86000 = 11.574074074074074 = 11.57 days

Citation

Title: Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition
Publisher: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Publication date: 1993
page(s): 294 (day), 742 (minute), 1054 (second)

  1. How much did the U.S. Federal government spend each second during 19__?        (return to the top of this page)

What you probably need to know

  1. How much the U.S. government spent in 19__.
  2. The number of days in 19__.
  3. The number of seconds per day.
  4. How to calculate the number of $ per second when you know the above.

My answers (for fiscal year 1995)

  1. The federal government spent $1,515,412,000,000 in 1995.
  2. Since 1995 was not a leap year, it contained 365 days.
  3. As we saw in question 2 above, there are 86,400 seconds per day.
  4. To calculate the dollars per second you divide the total yearly spending by the number of days in the year, then divide again by the number of seconds in a day.  You then round off to the nearest penny and add a dollar sign ($).
  5. 1515412000000 / 365 / 86400 = 48053.3992897 = $48,053.40 per second in 1995

Citation

Title: The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000
Publisher: World Almanac Books, an imprint of PRIMEDIA Reference Inc.
Publication date: 1999
page(s): 109

To find this page I looked in the index for "Government, U.S.", then beneath that for "Revenue and expenditures".

  1. How much does a fulltime worker earning the minimum wage make in one year?        (return to the top of this page)

What you probably need to know

  1. How much the minimum wage is.
  2. How many hours a fulltime worker puts in per week.
  3. How many weeks there are per year.
  4. How to calculate earnings when you know the above.

My answers

  1. Since 1997 the minimum wage in the U.S. has been $5.15 per hour.
  2. A full work week in the U.S. is currently considered to be 40 hours - 5 eight hour days.
  3. There are 52 weeks in each calendar year.
  4. To calculate yearly earnings, you multiply the above.
  5. 5.15 * 40 * 52 = $10,712

Citation

Title: The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000
Publisher: World Almanac Books, an imprint of PRIMEDIA Reference Inc.
Publication date: 1999
page(s): 150

To find this page I looked in the index for "minimum wage".

  1. What percentage of  U.S. firearm deaths in 19__ were deemed murders?        (return to the top of this page)

What you probably need to know

  1. The definition of murder.
  2. The definition of firearm.
  3. The number of murders and firearm deaths in 19__.
  4. How to calculate a percentage when you know the above.

My answers (for 1996)

  1. A murder is "the crime of unlawfully killing a person".
  2. A firearm is "a weapon from which a shot is discharged by gunpowder".
  3. There were 14,037 murders by firearm out of a total 33,750 firearm deaths in 1996.
  4. To calculate a percentage you need to divide the part by the whole, then multiply the result by 100 and add a percent sign (%).  In this case the whole is the number of firearm deaths.  The part is the number of murders by firearm (which are a part of the total firearm deaths).
  5. 14037 / 33750 = .41591 * 100 = 41.59%

Citation

Title: The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000
Publisher: World Almanac Books, an imprint of PRIMEDIA Reference Inc.
Publication date: 1999
page(s): 896

To find this page I looked in the index for "Firearms", then beneath this for "Deaths involving".

Citation

Title: Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition
Publisher: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Publication date: 1993
page(s): 438 (firearm) and 766 (murder)

My answer using a different almanac to get the numbers (again for 1996)

  1. There were 10,744 murders by gun out of a total 34,040 firearm deaths in 1996.
  2. To calculate a percentage you need to divide the part by the whole, then multiply the result by 100 and add a percent sign (%).  In this case the whole is the number of firearm deaths.  The part is the number of murders by firearm (which are a part of the total firearm deaths).
  3. 10744 / 34040 = .31562867 * 100 = 31.56%

Citation

Information Please Online Almanac
viewing date: March 14, 2000

URL for murders by gun: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004888.html

URL for total firearm deaths: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0764212.html